Nearly one-in-four Australian adults have either diabetes or impaired glucose metabolism, both of which are associated with substantial increased risk of both diabetes and heart disease.
Approximately 898,800 (4.4%) of Australians have been diagnosed with diabetes, based on self-reported data from the 2007–08 National Health Survey.
Some cases of gestational diabetes are managed with changes to diet and exercise, and some require insulin treatment. About 5% of pregnant women are affected.
In 2007-08, after adjusting for age, obese men were twice as likely to have Type 2 diabetes (12%) as men who were overweight (6%) or in the underweight/normal weight range (5%). While rates were lower, obese women were also twice as likely to have Type 2 diabetes (8%) as women who were overweight (4%) or in the underweight/normal weight range (3%).
People with Type 2 diabetes were almost twice as likely to be obese as people without Type 2 diabetes (51% and 27% respectively).
People with Type 2 diabetes were just as likely to eat the recommended daily serves of fruit and vegetables as people without diabetes. They were more likely, however, to have increased their fruit (24%) and vegetable (23%) consumption in the past year than people without Type 2 diabetes (9% and 11% respectively).
In 2007-08, just under two-thirds of people with diabetes used medication to help manage diabetes (63%), and one out of five used insulin every day (21%).
Just under half of people with diabetes (45%) tested their blood glucose levels at least once a day, and an additional 22% tested their blood glucose levels at least once a week. A third of people with diabetes tested their blood glucose less regularly than once a week, with 2% reporting that they did not check their blood glucose levels at all in the past year.
One in three people with diabetes who said they changed their eating pattern or diet reported that their weight had decreased in the past year (33%), with more women than men reporting this (40% and 28% respectively).
It has been reported that there are 171 million people with diabetes worldwide as of the year 2000 and is estimated to reach up to 366 million people diagnosed with diabetes by 2030. However, it has been estimated that 346 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes since 2010.
In 2005–2008, based on fasting glucose levels or hemoglobin A1C (A1C) levels, 35 percent of U.S. adults ages 20 years or older had pre-diabetes—50 percent of adults ages 65 years or older. Applying this percentage to the entire U.S. population in 2010 yields an estimated 79 million American adults ages 20 years or older with pre-diabetes.
The prevalence of diabetes is greater among older people. Among Americans aged 65 years or older, 26.9% (10.9 million people) have diabetes.
People with diagnosed diabetes incur average expenditures of $11,744 per year, of which $6,649 is attributed to diabetes.
In 2004, an estimated 3.4 million people, worldwide, died from consequences of high blood sugar.
In 2007, diabetes was listed as the underlying cause on 71,382 death certificates and was listed as a contributing factor on an additional 160,022 death certificates. This means that the contribution of diabetes has amounted to a total of 231,404 deaths.
More than 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries and WHO projects that diabetes-related deaths will double between 2005 and 2030.
The leading cause of kidney failure, non-traumatic lower-limb amputations, heart disease, stroke and new cases of blindness among adults are all directly linked to diabetes.
Diabetic neuropathy was the most common diabetes complication. More than 50% of the diabetics were affected by diabetic neuropathy leading to sensory loss, damage to limbs, and impotence among men.
Diabetic neuropathy leads to ignored sores, wounds, or infections which form gangrene by tissue death. It causes leg, feet, or finger amputations. More than 60 % of such amputations occur in people with diabetes.
Facts about diabetes reveal that it is the leading cause of kidney failure, with for 44 percent of new cases in 2005. People with diabetes are more prone to kidney failure, chronic dialysis, and kidney transplants.
Studies have shown that people with pre-diabetes who lose weight and increase their physical activity can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes and in some cases return their blood glucose levels to normal.
A study done by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) shows that the three countries with the most people with diabetes are expected to remain India, China, and the U.S. But researchers predict an even higher increase than the CDC predicted in 2001.
The number of people worldwide with diabetes is increasing, with an estimated two people developing diabetes every 10 seconds.
Each year, more than 15,000 children and 15,000 adults – approximately 80 people per day – are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in the U.S.
Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
People who follow a low-fat, low-calorie diet and who exercise 30 minutes a day, five times a week keeps the risk of diabetes far smaller than those who don’t.
Intensive blood glucose control reduces the risk of eye disease by 76%, kidney disease by 50% and nerve disease by 60%.
Although more and more infants with diabetes are being diagnosed, it is still thought that only about one percent of children with diabetes are one year old or less. Fewer than 10 percent are five years old or younger.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.
The Canadian Press reports that more than 21,000 Ontario women diagnosed with pregnancy-related diabetes, researchers found that almost 20 per cent had gone on to develop Type 2 diabetes within nine years of giving birth.
There are 135,000 pregnancies that are suffering from gestational diabetes and approximately one in 2,014 women in the USA suffers from this disease.
In the United States, 134,999 pregnant women develop diabetes per year, 11,249 per month, 2,596 per week, 369 per day and 15 per hour.
Statistically, it has been proven that children that are born to gestational diabetic mother may be small or large for their age and have a higher risk of developing birth defects.
Pregnant women who had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing diabetes within five to ten years.
Most health experts agree that the UKis facing a huge increase in the number of people with diabetes. Since 1996, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has increased from 1.4 million people to 2.6 million people. By 2025, it’s estimated that over 4 million people will be diagnosed with diabetes.
African Americans with diabetes are more likely than non-Hispanic whites to develop diabetes and to experience greater disability from diabetes-related complications such as amputations, adult blindness, kidney failure, and increased risk of heart disease and stroke.